Khalsa college researchers have developed “Friendly Insects” to help protect crops

Doing their bit towards encouraging organic farming are the agriculture scientists of Khalsa College, Punjab. It is the Bio-Control Lab at the Agriculture Department of the college which is spear heading the development of friendly insects in their laboratory.

These insects are aimed towards protecting the crops from pests which traditionally have been harming the crops. These friendly insects are set free in fields which are infested with harmful insects to biologically control pests and thereby save the crops. According to the agriculture scientist and the person in charge of College’s Bio Control lab, Mr Rajinder Pal Singh, “These beneficial insects either feed on pest or lay eggs in the body of larvae of enemy insects and break their life cycles”.

The farmer therefore can completely eliminate pests from his crops without spraying any pesticide. This program has been developed with the aim of biologically controlling harmful crop insects and in turn dissuading farmers from using poisonous insecticides on their crops. The use of pesticides and insecticides at a large scale has already played  havoc on the farming sector of Punjab. This initiative by the college is a step forward towards motivating and encouraging farmers to adopt organic and natural farming (via).

It was important to guide the farmers to move towards organic farming because the use of pesticides and insecticides was not only loading the farm produce with harmful chemicals but was also killing the friendly insects. The use of these friendly insects not only provides a cost-effective pest control solution for the farmers but at the same time allows the production of healthier crops completely naturally.

The friendly insects developed by the college include Trichogramma Brasiliensis, Isotima Jevenesis, Coccinellide, Syrphid , Spider, Carabid, Dragon Fly, Predatory Pentatomids and Abnthrocoriddbugs.This project has already received encouraging responses. The bio control laboratory has been approached by several sugar mills and farmers who now take on regular services of the laboratory towards using these insects to protect their crops from harmful insects, albeit the organic way.

It is encouraging to note that the college’s own 50 acres of agriculture farm has adopted this organic way of farming and has completely stopped the use of the pesticides and insecticides on the crops grown on the land.

It is time man realises the damages caused by these chemical sprays and pesticides towards nature and wisely pick the healthier, better option of going organic. We need to nurture back our environment towards a healthy stable state by adopting and creating awareness towards these nature friendly farming practices.

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Presenting a self assembling phone from the stables of MIT

Researchers at MIT’s Self-Assembly Lab have developed a working cell phone which is self-setting up and is based on elements with lock-and-critical puzzle-piece variety mechanisms. That is, it will only mate with the appropriate reverse pieces, and will reject non-compatible type elements.

This explores that how with a few components, a source of energy, and the right interactions, a cell phone could “build itself,” without the need for human or even high-tech automation.

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Telecom operators paid a total penalty of around Rs 6 crore during July 2014-June 2015 to TRAI pertaining to violation of service quality norms. Out of this, mobile services providers paid Rs 3.48 crores, fixed line service providers Rs 44.5 lakh while broadband service providers paid Rs 21.75 lakh.

Show-cause notices issued on metering and billing matters further fetched Rs 1,18,841, said TRAI in its annual report.

According to the prevailing penalty norms if service is breached on quality parameters, the telecom operator would be fined up to Rs 50,000 and on subsequent failures they would be fined up to Rs 1 lakh. However, in October 2015 TRAI had amended the penalty provision and made it Rs 1 lakh for the first time violation and failing again would cost a fine up to Rs 1.5 lakh and Rs 2 lakh thereafter.



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The suggested changes for the Companies Act, 2013, are expected to make it easier for companies to raise funds and ensure that shareholder democracy does not cripple the functioning of firms and businesses.

It also wants companies being allowed to give loans to entities in which directors are interested after passing special resolution and adhering to disclosure requirement.

The restriction on layers of subsidiaries and investment companies, which has been sought to be removed, has been a major irritant for corporate India.

It also proposed easing regulations managerial remuneration and removal of the restriction on layers of subsidiaries and investment companies.