Indian Government to embrace cloud computing in a big way, is planning data centres for states

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Indian government is thinking BIG and while it recently appointed Infosys’ Kris Gopalakrishnan to head cloud computing panel, the government is also planning to setup national cloud based network that will connect state data centres (SDCs).

The department of information technology has invited proposals from vendors to setup cloud services. State data centres would be built at a cost of INR 4-5 crores each and will also form the backbone of national e-gov plan.

From government’s RFP(pdf):

State Data Centres have been equipped with infrastructure which will enable State /UT departments with seamless, highly reliable/robust, shared and secured infrastructure with scalable capacity. For better and optimal utilization of the compute infrastructure and utilizing the same infrastructure amongst multiple applications, adoption of  Cloud technology components across all SDCs is required. This technology will also drive consolidation of IT resources resulting in power savings which will be a significant step towards adopting Green technologies.

To address issues typically faced by different departments at the State, such as long IT infrastructure procurement cycles, underutilization of resources, need for dynamic Scalability, appropriate disaster recovery of applications and data, and for simplifying IT infrastructure provisioning & availability to the line departments, cloud based service delivery is needed to be leveraged in the SDCs.
These Cloud solution requirements would include all the necessary components/modules which are necessary to provide Infrastructure/ Platform as a service to various line departments within the State as a (Private Cloud)  to start with  and have the capability of moving gradually for Software-as-a-service.

The following are steps for Cloud Implementation:
-  Help foster a  Private cloud based environment on limited set of servers to begin with while retaining traditional Data Centre  hosting models. This will enable the State to get exposure/confidence in building  various levels of services that can be broadly classified into following categories:

a. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)Draft RFP
b. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
c. Software as a Service (SaaS)
- The services can be initiated with basic Compute Services (CPU, RAM, Storage, OS, and database) to the departments on demand basis along with a test and development environment.  Once states develop confidence/maturity in operating cloud enabled environment, gradual migration of existing infrastructure and applications can happen on cloud.

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